N  I  P  P  O  N    J  U  M  E    A  K  I  T  A    K  E  N  N  E  L
I n d e x
A k i t a
C o n t a c t s
G i r l s
P u p p i e s
B o y s
A b o u t  u s
P h o t o
UTILIZATION : Companion dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION :  Group   5 Spitz and primitive  type. Section 5 Asian  Spitz  and  related breeds. Without working trial.
BRIEF  HISTORICAL  SUMMARY  :    Originally  Japanese  dogs were  small  to  medium  in  size  and  no  large  breeds  existed.    Since 1603 in the Akita region, Akita Matagis (medium-sized bear-hunting dogs)  were  used  as  fighting  dogs.    From  1868  Akita Matagis  were crossed  with  Tosas  and  Mastiffs.    Consequently,  the  size  of  this breed  increased  but  characteristics  associated  with  Spitz  type  were lost. In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited, but this breed was nevertheless preserved and improved as a large Japanese breed.  As a result, nine superior   examples   of   this   breed   were   designated   as « Natural Monuments » in 1931. During  World War  II  (1939-1945),  it  was common  to  use  dogs  as a source  of  fur  for  military  garments.    The  police  ordered  the  capture and confiscation of all dogs other than German Shepherd Dogs used for military purposes.  Some fanciers tried to circumvent the order by crossbreeding their dogs with German Shepherd Dogs.When  World  War  II  ended,  Akitas  had  been  drastically  reduced  in number  and  existed  as  three  distinct  types;  1)  Matagi  Akitas,  2) fighting  Akitas,  and  3)  Shepherd  Akitas.    This  created  a  very confusing situation in the breed. During  the  restoration  process  of  the  pure  breed  after  the  war., Kongo-go, a dog of the Dewa line, which exhibited characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd. However,  sensible  learned fanciers did  not  approve of  this  type as a proper  Japanese  breed,  so  they  made  efforts  to  eliminate  the  strain old  foreign  breeds  by  crossbreeding  with  Matagi  Akitas  for  the purpose  of  restoring  the  original  pure  breed.  They succeeded  in stabilizing the pure strain of large sized breed as known today.
GENERAL  APPEARANCE  :  Large-sized  dog,  sturdily  built,  well balanced  and  with  much  substance ;  secondary  sex  characteristics strongly   marked,   with   high   nobility   and   dignity   in modesty ; constitution tough.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The ratio of height at withers to length  of  body  (  from  the  point  of  the  shoulders  to  the  point  of  the buttock)  is  10 :  11, but the  body  is  slightly  longer in bitches  than  in dogs.
BEHAVIOUR   AND   TEMPERAMENT :  The  temperament   is composed, faithful, docile and receptive.
HEAD CRANIAL REGION :  Skull : The size is in proportion to the body.  The forehead is broad, with distinct furrow.  No wrinkle. Stop : Defined.
FACIAL REGION :  Nose  :  Large  and  black. Slight  and  diffuse  lack  of  pigment accepted in white dogs only, but black is always preferred. Muzzle  :  Moderately  long  and  strong  with  broad  base,  tapering  but not pointed.  Nasal bridge straight. Jaws/Teeth : Teeth strong with scissor bite. Lips : Tight. Cheeks : Moderately developed. Eyes  :  Relatively  small,  almost  triangular  in  shape  due  to  the  rising of the outer eye corner, set moderately apart, dark brown : the darker, the better.
Ears : Relatively small, thick, triangular, slightly rounded at tips, set moderately apart, pricked and inclining forward. NECK : Thick and muscular, without dewlap, in balance with head.
BODY :  Back : Straight and strong. Loin : Broad and muscular. Chest : Deep, forechest well developed, ribs moderately well sprung. Belly : Well drawn up. TAIL  :  Set on  high,  thick,  carried  vigorously  curled over  back ;  the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.
LIMBSFOREQUARTERS :  Shoulders : Moderately sloping and developed. Elbows : Tight. Forearms : Straight and heavy-boned. HINDQUARTERS :  General   appearance   :   Well   developed,   strong   and   moderately angulated.
FEET : Thick, round, arched and tight. GAIT : Resilient and powerful movement.
COAT HAIR : Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense ; the withers and the rump are covered with slightly longer hair ; the hair on tail is longer than on the rest of the body.
COLOUR  :  Red  fawn,  sesame  (red  fawn  hairs  with  black  tips), brindle  and  white.    All  the  above  mentioned  colours  except  white must have « urajiro ».   (Urajiro = whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, on the underside of jaw, neck, chest, body and tail and on the inside of the legs).
SIZE  :  Height at the withers :   Dogs : 67 cm, bitches : 61 cm. There is a tolerance of 3 cm more or less.
FAULTS :  Any  departure  from  the  foregoing  points  should  beconsidered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded  should  be  in  exact  proportion  to  its  degree  and  its  effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. •Bitchy dogs / doggy bitches. •Undershot or overshot mouth. •Missing teeth. •Blue or black spotted tongue. •Iris light in colour. •Short tail. •Shyness. DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :  •Aggressive or overly shy dogs. •Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. •Ears not pricked. •Hanging tail. •Long hair (shaggy). •Black mask. •Markings on white ground.
N.B.:•Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully     descended into the scrotum. •Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical      conformation should be used for breeding.